anesthesia-free dentistry is bad for your pet - cat and dog cuddling

Over the past number of years, you may have heard about groomers, pet shops and even some veterinary providers offering a procedure referred to as Anesthesia Free Dentistry (AFD) or No Anesthesia Dentistry (NAD). These procedures involve the scaling of a dog or cat’s teeth with an instrument without the use of anesthesia. In these procedures, the animal must still be restrained while only calculus above the gingival margin (gum line) is removed.

oral tumors in cats and dogs

Similar to people, dogs and cats can develop tumors within their oral cavity. A tumor is an abnormal growth of tissue that can be benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous). Oral tumors in cats and dogs may arise from dental tissue (odontogenic), inflammation (periodontal disease), or can be malignant (cancerous). Oral neoplasia—an uncontrolled growth of cells that is often cancerous—accounts for up to 10% of all feline tumors and 6% of canine tumors.

dental crown therapy for dogs

Dogs frequently fracture teeth. Studies have shown that up to 10% of dogs have some type of fractured tooth. All fractured teeth should be evaluated by a veterinarian and be imaged with a dental radiograph. If the fracture does not expose the tooth’s pulp and the radiograph is normal, it can be treated with a procedure that smooths the fracture and seals the exposed dentin. This kind of procedure will decrease any possible pain and inhibit infection.


Stomatitis in cats

Stomatitis refers to widespread inflammation in the mouth. “Stoma” means opening, and “itis” means inflammation. In cats, inflammation most notably in the caudal (back part) of the oral cavity (oropharynx) is commonly referred to as stomatitis or caudal oral stomatitis. Perhaps the most appropriate medical term for this condition is feline chronic gingivostomatitis.

Stomatitis is an extremely painful oral condition in cats. It is an overzealous reaction of the immune system to plaque accumulation on the surface of teeth. The caudal region of the oral cavity becomes red and ulcerated with thickened tissue. The pain associated with this severe inflammation makes it a challenge for cats to eat and enjoy a good quality of life. Imagine the worst sore throat you can have magnified one hundred times! Additionally, cats spend a good portion of their day grooming. A painful mouth limits a feline from engaging in this essential behavior, negatively affecting their quality of life.

Why is Good Oral Health Important for Your Pet?


Pet Dental FAQ's